RESTAURATION OF A FINNISH COLLARED AXE - DONE THE FINNISH WAY

I am reprofiling the edge and hand carving a new handle - done the traditional finnish way with boiling the handle in water and using a finnish style wedge - snake head wedge. It's a Kellokoski 18 bought on ebay and it's going to be my new bushcraft axe. 

PHOTOS, TIPS AND TRICKS:

As it came from ebay.

I am using danish elm from the local forrest. Birch is the finnish tradition, but in Denmark do we have better axe handle wood so of couse I use that.

The handle was just for "show"... Bad fitted to the axe head and wrong handle shape and no wedge.

Removing mushrooming with a file.

Reprofiling the edge and of course cooling the axe in water from time to time, so the temper will not be spoiled.

Is using leather and stropping compound for polishing.

The axe head is now redy for a handle.

Hewing the elm wood flat and straight with a russian style axe.

I am using the old handle as a guide... But did make a few corrections to the shape. One was to drop down the top of the handle, thats the correct finnish handle shape.

Great way to hold the wood and use the axe.

Shaving horse.

Sanding the final finish.

Boiling the axe handle makes is soft. That makes it possible for the finnish wedge to expand the wood a lot without damage and it makes it possible for the axe head to go further down on the handle and compress the wood more.

Is boling the handle for about 30 minutes.

Hitting the axe head on to the handle.

Is spliting a starting point for the wedge.

Starting point is done.

The wedge will split the rest of the way on its own. The boiled and now soft wood makes it a lot easyer for the wedge.

The point act as a hook and ensure that the wedge can not get back up.

Mark how far the wedge can go.

Ready to wedge the axe and handle togehter.

The finnish style wedge can expand the handle a lot... a lot better than the normal axe wedge.

The great expand is very important on collared axes like this one because the eye is not hourglass shaped like the "comman axe" but just conical only one way... So to advoid the axe head from flying of does collared axes need a great amount of mushrooming wood above the axe head - that creates the same hourglass effect, just if done right better.

Making the last few knife cuts. Because of the boiled part is it a god idea to let the axe dry for a week or two before using it heavy.

About one week later. The axe is dry and the axe head is still locked perfectly. The wood and steel is getting a bit of oile (tung oile).

Done. I will use this axe in a lot of future bushcraft videos.